Prizes and honours
On this page, we present some of the famous (and not so famous) prize-winning scientists who have worked at or collaborated with the ILL over the years. This is by no means an exhaustive list but should give you some idea of the sheer wealth of ground-breaking research to which the ILL and its neutrons have contributed.
|Nobel Prize winners who worked at or collaborated with the ILL|
Nobel Prize in Physics 2022 (together with A. Aspect and J. Clauser)
Anton Zeilinger received a doctorate from the University of Vienna in 1971 for his work on "Neutron Depolarization in Dysprosium Single Crystals" under the supervision of Helmut Rauch. From 1974 to 1989, he worked half-time as a visiting scientist at the ILL, performing various experiments to test fundamental predictions of quantum mechanics. Here, Rauch and Zeilinger successfully achieved a direct observation of fermion spin superposition, measured at the neutron interferometry station S18. During the same period, they also demonstrated the sign change of the wave function of fermions under rotations of 360 degrees. These outstanding experiments marked the beginning of a long series of quantum experiments at the instrument S18 up to the present day.
After spending some time as a visiting scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Anton Zeilinger held positions at TU Wien (Austria), TU München (Germany) and the University of Innsbruck (Austria). During this period, he applied the concept of neutron interferometry to very cold neutrons, aiming to gain greater sensitivity due to a much longer wavelength, and to take advantage of different systematic effects compared to the perfect crystal neutron interferometry at S18. These experiments were conducted at the ultra-cold and very cold neutron facility PF2. For them, the beamline PF2/VCN was entirely rebuilt and equipped. The activity led to a precise measurement of the gravitational phase shift of neutron wave packets, and the experimental demonstration of the Scalar Neutron Aharonov-Bohm effect.
Anton Zeilinger’s research then turned towards experiments using mainly photons. The list of scientific highlights is long, ranging from the demonstration of the quantum teleportation of a photon, the development of techniques for quantum entanglement and the teleportation of quantum states to important contributions to quantum information technology and quantum cryptography, as well as matter wave interferometry experiments similar to the ones with neutrons, but using atoms and even bucky balls.
The neutron work of Anton Zeilinger is also described here: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton_Zeilinger#Neutron_interferometry>;
1- Van Der Zouw G., Weber M., Felber J., Gähler R., Geltenbort P., Zeilinger A. "Aharonov-Bohm and gravity experiments with the very-cold-neutron interferometer" (2000) Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 440, 568-574 . DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(99)01038-4
2- Raum K., Weber M., Gähler R., Zeilinger A. "Gravity and inertia in neutron crystal optics and VCN interferometry" (1996) J. Phys. Soc. Japan 65 Suppl. A, 277-280.
3- Tschernitz M., Gähler R., Mampe W., Schillinger B., Zeilinger A. "Precision measurements of single slit diffraction with very cold neutrons" (1992) Physics Letters A 164, 365-368 . DOI:10.1016/0375-9601(92)90097-6
4- Eder K., Gruber M., Zeilinger A., Gähler R., Mampe W. "Diffraction of very cold neutrons at phase gratings" (1991) Physica B 172, 329-338. DOI: 10.1016/0921-4526(91)90451-J
5- Chattopadhyay T., Zeilinger A., Wacenovsky M., Weber H.W., Hyun O.B., Finnemore D.K. "Search for magnetic ordering of Tm moments in TmBa2Cu3O7-delta down to 90mK" (1990) Solid State Commun 73, 721-723. DOI: 10.1016/0038-1098(90)90561-O
6- Laggner P., Netzer F., Rauch H., Reiter W., Skalicki P., Vogl G., Weinzierl P., Zeilinger A. "Future scientific use of european neutron and photon sources" (1990) In: "Symposium" - Krems, Austria, 1990-09-24/26
7- Eder K., Gruber M., Zeilinger A., Gähler R., Mampe W., Drexel W. "The new very-cold-neutron optics facility at ILL" (1989) Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 284, 171-175. DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(89)90273-8
8- Gruber M., Eder K., Zeilinger A., Gähler R., Mampe W. "A phase-grating interferometer for very cold neutrons" (1989) Phys. Lett. A 140, 363-367. DOI: 10.1016/0375-9601(89)90068-6
9- Zeilinger A., Gähler R., Shull C.G., Treimer W., Mampe W. "Single- and double-slit diffraction of neutrons" (1988) Rev. Mod. Phys. 60, 1067-1073. DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.60.1067
10- Klein A.G., Zeilinger A. "Wave optics with cold neutrons" (1984) J. phys., Colloq. 45, C3/239-C3/242. DOI: 10.1051/jphyscol:1984340
11- Badurek G., Rauch H., Summhammer J., Kischko U., Zeilinger A. "Direct verification of the quantum spin-state superposition law" (1983) J. Phys. A 16, 1133-1139. DOI: 10.1088/0305-4470/16/6/008
12- Summhammer J., Badurek G., Rauch H., Kischko U., Zeilinger A. "Direct observation of fermion spin superposition by neutron interferometry" (1983) Physical Review A 27, 2523-2532. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.27.2523
13- Zeilinger A., Gähler R., Shull C.G., Treimer W. "Experimental status and recent results of neutron interference optics" (1982) AIP Conference Proceedings 89, 93-99. DOI: 10.1063/1.33670
14- Gähler R., Klein A.G., Zeilinger A. "Neutron optical tests of nonlinear wave mechanics" (1981) Phys. Rev. A 23, 1611-1617. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.23.1611
15- Klein A.G., Opat G.I., Cimmino A., Zeilinger A., Treimer W., Gähler R. "Neutron propagation in moving matter: The Fizeau experiment with massive particles" (1981) Phys. Rev. Lett.. 46, 1551-1554. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.46.1551
16- Badurek G., Rauch H., Zeilinger A. "Dynamic concepts in neutron polarization" (1980) Z Phy. B 38, 303-311. DOI: 10.1007/BF01315322
17- Badurek G., Rauch H., Zeilinger A. "Neutron phase-echo concept and a proposal for a dynamical neutron polarisation method" (1980) Lect. Notes Phys. 128, 136-147. DOI: 10.1007/3-540-10004-0_27
18- Rauch H., Seidl E., Zeilinger A., Bauspiess W., Bonse U. "Hydrogen detection in metals by neutron interferometry" (1978) Journal of Applied Physics 49, 2731-2734. DOI: 10.1063/1.325195
19- Badurek G., Rauch H., Zeilinger A., Bauspiess W., Bonse U. "Measurements of neutron interference and polarization effects caused by nuclear and magnetic interaction" (1976) Phys. Lett. A 56, 244-246. DOI: 10.1016/0375-9601(76)90293-0
20- Badurek G., Rauch H., Zeilinger A., Bauspiess W., Bonse U. "Phase-shift and spin-rotation phenomena in neutron interferometry" (1976) Phys. Rev. D 14, 1177-1181. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.14.1177
21- Rauch H., Badurek G., Bauspiess W., Bonse U., Zeilinger A. "Determination of scattering lenghts and magnetic spin rotations by neutron interferometry" (1976) ERDA Energy Research Abstracts 1027-1041.
22- Rauch H., Zeilinger A., Badurek G., Wilfing A., Bauspiess W., Bonse U. "Verification of coherent spinor rotation of fermions" (1975) Phys. Lett. A 54, 425-427. DOI: 10.1016/0375-9601(75)90798-7
Nobel Prize in Physics 2016 (shared with D.J. Thouless and M. Kosterlitz)
Duncan received this award for his work on explaining the properties of one-dimensional chains of atomic magnets and of two-dimensional semiconductors. He worked as a post-doctoral researcher in the ILL's Theory group from 1977 to 1981 and published 14 papers. It was during this period that he started to develop his seminal work on one-dimensional quantum liquids and spin chains. Since then, neutron science has played a major role in the experimental investigation of these systems and 20 ILL papers have "Haldane gap" or "Haldane conjecture" in their title.
More details can be found here.
1- Vannimenus J., Kirkpatrick S., Haldane F.D.M., Jayaprakash C. "Ground-state morphology of random frustrated XY systems" (1989) Physical Review B 39, 4634-4643. DOI: 10.1088/0305-4470/15/2/021
2- Haldane F.D.M. "Effective harmonic-fluid approach to low-energy properties of one-dimensional quantum fluids" (1982) Physical Review Letters 48, 1840-1843. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.48.1840
3- Haldane F.D.M. "Quantum fluid ground state of the sine-Gordon model with finite soliton density: Exact results" (1982) Journal of Physics A 15, 507-525. DOI: 10.1088/0305-4470/15/2/021
4- Haldane F.D.M. "'Luttinger liquid theory' of 1-D quantum fluids: I.Properties of the Luttinger model and their extension to general 1D interacting spinless Fermi gas" (1981) Journal of Physics C 14, 2585-2609. DOI: 10.1088/0022-3719/14/19/010
5- Haldane F.D.M. "Demonstration of the 'Luttinger liquid' character of Bethe-ansatz-soluble models of 1-D quantum fluids" (1981) Physics Letters A 81, 153-155. DOI: 10.1016/0375-9601(81)90049-9
6- Haldane F.D.M. "Itinerant magnetism approach for understanding one-dimensional antiferromagnets" (1981) Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences 150-162. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-81639-0_17
7- Haldane F.D.M. "Scaling approach to impurity configurational fluctuations in metals" (1981) In: "Valence Fluctuations In Solids", Falicov L.M. (Eds.)Hanke W. (Eds.) Maple M.B. (Eds.)(North Holland Publishing Company), pp.153-127.
8- Haldane F.D.M., Villain J. (1981) "Commensurate-incommensurate transitions of physisorbed films on anisotropic substrates" (1981) Journal de Physique 42, 1673-1690. DOI: 10.1051/jphys:0198100420120167300
9- Licciardello D.C., Stein D.L., Haldane F.D.M. "Excitations and metastability in amorphous semiconductors" (1981) Philosophical Magazine B 43, 189-201. DOI: 10.1080/13642818108221894
10- Haldane F.D.M. "'Solidification' in a soluble model of bosons on a one-dimensional lattice : the 'boson-hubbard chain'" (1980) Physics Letters A 80, 281-283. DOI: 10.1016/0375-9601(80)90022-5
11- Haldane F.D.M. "General relation of correlation exponents and spectral properties of one-dimensional Fermi systems:Application to the anisotropic S=1/2 Heisenberg chain" (1980) Physical Review Letters 45, 1358-1362. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.45.1358
12- Haldane F.D.M. "Coupling between charge and spin degrees of freedom in the one-dimensional Fermi gas with backscattering" (1979) Journal of Physics C 12, 4791-4799. DOI: 10.1088/0022-3719/12/22/020
13- Haldane F.D.M. "Theory of the atomic limit of the Anderson model: I.Perturbation expansions re-examined" (1978) Journal of Physics C 11, 5015-5034. DOI: 10.1088/0022-3719/11/24/030
14- Haldane F.D.M. "Scaling theory of the asymmetric Anderson model" (1977) Physical Review Letters 40, 416-419. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.40.416
Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009 (shared with T. Steitz)
Ada Yonath, Venky Ramakrishnan and Thomas A. Steitz received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for solving the high-resolution structure of the ribosome using X-ray crystallography.
The ILL contributed to a certain degree to this achievement since low-resolution structures of the ribosome, or part of it [1,2,3], obtained using neutrons were used alongside the early X-ray work. Neutron measurements were performed on instruments DB21 (low-resolution neutron diffraction, now decommissioned) and D22 (small-angle neutron scattering).
Furthermore, since the dynamics of conformational changes of the ribosome play a key role in its biological activity, A. Yonath and her coworkers also studied this aspect using neutron time-of-flight measurements on the ILL instruments IN5 and IN16.
1- Roth M., Pebay-Peyroula E., Zaytzev-Bashan A., Volkmann N., Berkovitch-Yellin Z., Agmon I., Franceschi F., Lewit-Bentley A., Yonath A. "On low-resolution phasing of neutron diffraction data collected from ribosomal crystals" In: "Biological Structure and Dynamics - Proceedings of the Ninth Conversation", Sarma R.H. (Eds.)Sarma M.H. (Eds.)(Adenine Press, 1996) pp.15-24.
2- Moore P.B, Engleman D.M., Langer J.A., Ramakrishnan V.R., Schindler D.G., Schoenborn B.P., Sillers I.Y. and Yakubi S (1984) in "Neutrons in Biology", B.P. Schoenborn, Ed. Plenum Press, New-York.
3- M. S. Capel, D.M. Engelman, B.R. Freeborn, M.K. Jeldgaard, J. A. Langer, V. Ramakrishnan, G. Schindler, D.K. Schneider, B.P. Schoenborn, I.-Y. Sillers, S. Yabuki And P. B. Moore, "A Complete Mapping of the Proteins in the Small Ribosomal Subunit of Escherichia coli", (1987) Science, 238, 1403-1406, DOI: 10.1126/science.3317832
4- Zaccaï G., Natali F., Peters J., Rihova M., Zimmerman E., Ollivier J., Combet J., Maurel M.C., Bashan A., Yonath A., "The fluctuating ribosome: Thermal molecular dynamics characterized by neutron scattering", Scientific Reports 6, 37138-1-37138-7 (2016)
Nobel Prize in Physics 1994 (shared with B.N. Brockhouse)
Clifford Glenwood Shull was awarded the Nobel Prize, together with Bertram Brockhouse, for his pioneering work on the development of neutron scattering at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, long before the Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) came into being. Shull's main collaboration with the ILL was in the years 1982 to 1988. Quantum mechanical predictions for matter-wave diffraction are extremely important for physics as a whole. Shull was therefore closely involved in a series of highly accurate diffraction experiments using very cold neutrons (VCN) and the comparison of the results achieved with theoretical predictions. The measurements were performed on beam H18 at the ILL and they confirmed the accuracy of the predictions .
His co-author, Roland Gähler, remembers him as "the most impressive experimenter I ever met. He gave the impression of having an infinite amount of time for measuring everything, and by taking his time he was finally quicker than all the others, because he had to do everything only once." 
1- Zeilinger A., Gähler R., Shull C.G., Treimer W., Mampe W. "Single- and double-slit diffraction of neutrons.", Reviews of Modern Physics 60, 1067-1073 (1988)
2- Roland Gähler, private communication, 18 July 2022.
Nobel Prize in Physics 1992
Georges Charpak was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention of the multiwire proportional chamber, making several important discoveries in particle physics possible, in particular the observation of the W and Z bosons. A MWPC operates in proportional mode. At the same time, a CEA-CENG (DN and LETI) team was developing a Multi Wire Counter which operated in ionization mode. This detector performed less well than the MWPC, in particular the detection efficiency and count rate capability were lower. In the early stages of this development work (in the 1970s), the ILL and LETI (CEA-CENG) teams therefore collaborated with Charpak on the MWPC . For about ten years, Charpak also acted as an expert for the ILL for neutron detector projects.
1- Melchart G., Charpak G., Sauli F., Petersen G., Jacobe J. "The multistep avalanche chamber as a detector for thermal neutrons" (1981) Nuclear Instruments and Methods 186, 613-620. DOI: dx.doi.org/10.1016/0029-554X(81)90244-5
Nobel Prize in Physics 1991
One of the great achievements of Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (University of Orsay, France) is his famous “reptation” model , which describes the serpentine motion of a polymer chain within a “tangle” of surrounding polymer chains. The first experimental confirmation of this model came in 1990 from neutron spin-echo (NSE) experiments on the ILL instrument IN11 . This is because the reptation motion of long molecules is so slow that, at that time, only NSE spectrometry was capable of observing it. Later on, on the basis of NSE observations of the motion of a single molecule within a polymer melt , the initial model was further refined to better account for the mechanisms limiting the topological chain confinement in polymer melts.
1- P. G. DeGennes, J. Physique France 42, 735 (1981). DOI: 10.1051/jphys:01981004205073500.
2- D. Richter, B. Farago, L. J. Fetters, J. S. Huang, B. Ewen, and C. Lartigue (1990) Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1389-1392. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.64.1389
3- A. Wischnewski, M. Monkenbusch, L. Willner, D. Richter, A. E. Likhtman, T. C. B. McLeish, and B. Farago (2002) Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 058301. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.88.058301.
Nobel Prize in Physics 1989 (shared with N.F. Ramsey and H.G. Dehmelt)
Wolfgang Paul (University of Bonn and CERN) won the 1989 Nobel Prize in Physics (jointly with Norman Ramsey) for inventing the so-called "Paul traps" or "ion traps" based on the use of a quadrupole electric field to store charged particles in a small volume.
Paul had the idea to extend his trap to the neutron, which is electrically neutral but has a magnetic dipole moment. His work can be summarised as follows :
"In this case, sextupole rather than quadrupole fields were needed to act on the magnetic moment of the neutron. He built such a trap, NESTOR , which was installed in a neutron beam at the Institut Laue-Langevin in Grenoble. Paul, and a small team from Bonn, which included his two sons Stephan and Lorenz, both physicists, carried out a precision measurement of the lifetime of free propagating neutrons [3,4] and determined its gravitational mass by seeing the neutrons fall inside the trap. Knowing the exact neutron lifetime is relevant to particle physics, in particular to precision tests of the Standard Model, as well as in astrophysics, because it governs the near equilibrium of protons and neutrons in the primordial phase of nucleosynthesis. The experiment was carried out in 1989 and resulted in the most precise measurement of the lifetime of the neutron at this time."
SuperSUN, a new Ultra Cold Neutron (UCN) source, is being built (2022) at the ILL which makes use of a sextupole magnetic trap inherited from the pioneering work of Wolgang Paul and his collaborators.
2- Kuegler K.J., Paul W., Trinks U. - "Properties of straight and curved neutron guide tubes" (1980) Zeitschrift für Physik B 39, 361-370. DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(85)90266-9
3- Kuegler K.J., Moritz K., Paul W., Trinks U. - "NESTOR: a magnetic storage ring for slow neutrons" Nucl. Instrum. Methods 228, 240-258 (1985). DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(85)90266-9
4- Paul W., Anton F., Paul L., Paul S., Mampe W. - "Measurement of the neutron lifetime in a magnetic storage ring." Z. Phys. C - Particles and Fields C 45, 25-30 (1989). DOI: 10.1007/BF01556667
5- Anton F., Paul W., Mampe W., Paul L., Paul S. - "Measurement of the neutron lifetime by magnetic storage of free neutrons", Nucl. Instrum. Methods. Phys. Res. A 284, 101-107 (1989). DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(89)90258-1
Nobel Prize in Physics 1989 (shared with W. Paul and H.G. Dehmelt)
Norman Ramsey collaborated with the ILL from 1973 to about 1990. Together with his collaborators, he did some impressive work using the high neutron flux provided by the ILL's reactor, and this played a major role in the success and development of experiments with cold and ultracold neutrons (UCN) at the RHF. Historically, Ramsey experiments with neutrons began at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. They were moved to the ILL to take advantage of the higher fluxes available at the ILL: the H18 beam tube, PN5 (IH3 beam tube), the first ILL UCN source and then the even more powerful “Steyerl turbine" (PF2). A famous aspect of Ramsey's work is the search for a neutron electric dipole moment (nEDM), which still represents one of the main applications of the famous “Ramsey technique” (separated oscillatory field method) for which he obtained the Nobel Prize in 1989. A non-vanishing value of the nEDM would violate time-reversal invariance and this would help to understand the apparent matter-antimatter asymmetry in our universe. The search for a neutron electric dipole moment still continues today with, for example, the panEDM experiment which is currently being built on SuperSUN, an advanced new UCN source. Ramsey and his collaborators also measured the neutron magnetic moment with great accuracy and this is very important for all the neutron physics and techniques where magnetism is involved. Ramsey's contribution to the observation of parity non-conserving neutron spin rotation is another example of the wide spectrum of fundamental physics experiments in which he was involved.
Two of Ramsey's collaborators (Geoffrey Greene and Bob Golub) gave us a their recollection of the work with him at the ILL.
Two of Ramsey's PhD students were awarded prestigious prizes for work which included research conducted during their time at the ILL.
2020 - Geoffrey Greene was awarded the prestigious Bonner Prize by the APS. "Geoff Greene’s lifetime is inextricably linked to that of the neutron." He worked at the ILL with Ramsey from 1975 (magnetic moment of the neutron, search for the electric dipole moment of the neutron). In the mid-eighties, he collaborated (as member of the NIST group around Dick Deslattes) with H. Bőrner, E. Kessler and S. Dewey on the installation at the ILL and first measurements with the double crystal spectrometer GAMS4 (now decommissioned). He stopped active participation in research at the ILL in 1995.
2021 - Blayne Heckel was awarded the Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics. He worked at the ILL with Ramsey from 1980 to 1983 on the instrument S43 (H142 neutron guide) and collaborated with the ILL until 2014.
1- Ramsey N.F. "Electric dipole moment of the neutron" (1990) Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science 40, 1-14. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ns.40.120190.000245
2- Smith K.F., Crampin N., Pendlebury J.M., Richardson D.J., Shiers D., Green K., Kilvington A.I., Moir J., Prosper H.B., Thompson D., Ramsey N.F., Heckel B.R., Lamoreaux S.K., Ageron P., Mampe W., Steyerl A. "A search for the electric dipole moment of the neutron" (1990) Physics Letters B 234, 191-196. DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(90)92027-G
3- Ramsey N.F. "The electric dipole moment of the neutron" (1988) Physica Scripta T22, 140-143. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-8949/1988/T22/021
4- Ramsey N.F. "Search for a neutron electric dipole moment" (1986) In: "Weak and electromagnetic interactions in nuclei", Klapdor H.V. (Eds.)(Springer Verlag) pp.861-865. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-71689-8_171
5- Ramsey N.F. "Neutron magnetic resonance" (1985) Annales de Physique 10, 945-953. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/anphys:01985001006094500
6- Heckel B., Forte M., Ramsey N.F., Greene G.L., Green K., Byrne J., Pendlebury J.M. "Parity non-conserving neutron spin rotation" (1984) Journal de Physique. Colloques 45, C3/89-C3/92. DOI: 10.1051/jphyscol:1984318
7- Heckel B., Forte M., Schaerpf O., Green K., Greene G.L., Ramsey N.F., Byrne J., Pendlebury J.M. "Measurement of parity nonconserving neutron spin rotation in lanthanum" (1984) Physical Review C 29, 2389-2391. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.29.2389
8- Pendlebury J.M., Smith K.F., Golub R., Byrne J., McComb T.J.L., Sumner T.J., Burnett S.M., Taylor A.R., Heckel B., Ramsey N.F., Green K., Morse J., Kilvington A.I., Baker C.A., Clark S.A., Mampe W., Ageron P., Miranda R. "Search for a neutron electric dipole moment" (1984) Physics Letters B 136, 327-330. DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(84)92013-6
9- Greene G.L., Ramsey N.F., Mampe W., Pendlebury J.M., Smith K., Dress W.B., Miller P.D., Perrin P. "An improved derived value for the neutron magnetic moment in nuclear magnetons" (1982) Metrologia 18, 93. DOI: 10.1088/0026-1394/18/2/005
10- Heckel B., Ramsey N.F., Green K., Greene G.L., Gähler R., Schaerpf O., Forte F., Dress W.B., Miller P.D., Golub R., Byrne J., Pendlebury J.M. "A measurement of parity non-conserving neutron spin rotation in lead and tin" (1982) Physics Letters B 119, 298-302. DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(82)90674-8
11- Ramsey N.F. "Electric-dipole moments of elementary particles" (1982) Reports on Progress in Physics 45, 95-113. DOI: 10.1088/0034-4885/45/1/003
12- Forte M., Heckel B.R., Ramsey N.F., Green K., Greene G.L., Byrne J., Pendlebury J.M. "First measurement of parity-nonconserving neutron spin-echo rotation: The tin isotopes" (1981) Physical Review Letters 45, 2088-2092. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.45.2088
13- Greene G.L., Ramsey N.F., Mampe W., Pendlebury J.M., Smith K., Dress W.B., Miller P.D., Perrin P. "Measurement of the neutron magnetic moment" (1979) Physical Review D 20, 2139-2153. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.20.2139
14- Ramsey N.F. "Dipole moments and spin rotations of the neutron" (1978) Physics Reports 43, 409-421. DOI: 10.1016/0370-1573(78)90179-5
15- Dress W.B., Miller P.D., Pendlebury J.M., Perrin P., Ramsey N.F. "Search for an electric dipole moment of the neutron" (1977) Physical Review D 15, 9-21. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.15.9
16- Greene G.L., Ramsey N.F., Mampe W., Pendlebury J.M., Smith K., Dress W.D., Miller P.D., Perrin P. "A new measurement of the magnetic moment of the neutron" (1977) Physics Letters B 71, 297-300. DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(77)90220-9
17- Dress W.B., Miller P.D., Ramsey N.F. "Improved upper limit for the electric dipole moment of the neutron" (1973) Physical Review D 7, 3147-3149. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.7.3147
Nobel Prize in Physics 1961 (shared with R. Hofstadter); Röntgen prize 1961
Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer is best known for his 1957 discovery of recoilless nuclear resonance fluorescence, the so-called "Mössbauer effect", the basis for Mössbauer spectroscopy, which is unique in its sensitivity to subtle changes in the chemical environment of certain nuclei in solids.
He was the ILL Director from 1972 to 1977 but afterwards was involved in particle physics experiments. For example, he was part of the team that first measured a negative deviation of the reactor antineutrino production rate  now known as "the reactor antineutrino anomaly". The study of the latter culminated almost 4 decades later in the search for a sterile neutrino with the STEREO experiment at the ILL . Mössbauer was also involved in the search for the axion , a search which still continues today at the ILL and in other labs.
1- "Search for neutrino oscillations at a fission reactor" Kwon H., Boehm F., Hahn A.A., Henrikson H.E., Vuilleumier J.L., Cavaignac J.F., Koang D.H., Vignon B., Feilitzsch F.V., Moessbauer R.L. (1981) Physical Review D 24, 1097-1111. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.24.1097
2- "Joint measurement of the 235U antineutrino spectrum by PROSPECT and STEREO", H. Almazán et al. (2022) Phys. Rev. Lett. 128, 081802. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.128.081802
3- "An experimental limit on production of axions in a fission reactor", Vuilleumier J.L., Boehm F., Hahn A.A., Kwon H., Feilitzsch F.V., Moessbauer R.L. (1981) Physics Letters B 101, 341-343.
|Some current and former ILL scientists who have been awarded scientific prizes|
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William (Bill) George Stirling
©2007 ILL, Serge Claisse
Juan Colmenero de Léon
©2000 ILL, A. Filhol
Giuseppe (Jo) Zaccaï
Gerry H. Lander
2002 G.Lander archives
Juan Rodriguez Carvajal
©2009 ILL, A. Filhol
Michael Marek Koza
©2000 ILL, A. Filhol
Mike Pendlebury <https://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/sep/23/mike-pendlebury>
© Oxford University
Roger Arthur Cowley <https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsbm.2017.0011>
©2016 Oxford University
©2008 ILL, Serge Claisse
V.V. Nesvizhevsky, H.G. Börner, A.K. Petukhov, A.N. Gagarsky, S. Baeβler, H. Abele, A.V. Strelkov, V.I. Luschikov
©2011 ILL, A. Filhol
Penelope Jane Brown <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penelope_Jane_Brown>
©2000 ILL, A.Filhol
Marc de Boissieu
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©2011 ILL, Serge Claisse
©2006 ILL, Serge Claisse
©1995 M6 (French TV channel)
Dietrich Jochen (Dirk) Dubbers
©2012 ILL, Serge Claisse
Sergei Vladimirovich Maleyev
©2001 ILL, A.Filhol
@2000 ILL, A. Filhol
©2012 ILL, Serge Claisse
©2000 ILL, Serge Claisse
Heinz Jürgen Schulz
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©1973 ZDF "Die stillen Stars"
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 "The study of biological structures by neutron scattering from solution", Jacrot B., Reports on Progress in Physics 39, 911-953 (1976)
 Maier-Leibnitz H. - "Neutron conducting tubes" In: "Neutron capture gamma-ray spectroscopy: Proceedings of the international symposium, held in Studsvik, 11-15 August, 1969", (International Atomic Energy Agency, 1969) pp.93-103. In: "International Symposium on Neutron Capture Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy" - Studsvik, Sweden - 1969-08-11/15
 "Direct microscopic observation of the entanglement distance in a polymer melt. " Richter D., Farago B., Fetters L.J., Huang J.S., Ewen B., Lartigue C. (1990) Physical Review Letters 64, 1389-1392. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.64.1389