New materials - Novel engineering processes – Energy production – Clean energy - Methods
The development and engineering of devices and components with improved functionality is the key to technological progress, which in turn provides sustainable economic growth. To achieve this goal, scientists and engineers are developing smarter materials and components to make more efficient devices that benefit our daily lives.
Mastering the methodologies that lead to new and better materials requires a detailed knowledge of the structure of solids at the atomic or molecular level. Owing to their unique properties, neutrons play a crucial role in resolving the arrangements of magnetic moments in complex magnetic systems or locating light atoms in intricate structures, or when assessing the residual stress distribution in bulky mechanical parts. Archetypal examples include hydrogen storage materials, electrolytes and battery materials, and magnetic films. In the field of organic chemistry, the possibility of isotopic substitution can be exploited in elucidating the precise location of hydrogen atoms, for example, in biopolymers.