CRG - High intensity two-axis powder diffractometer

Guide hall n°1, thermal guide H22


take-off angle 44.22°


pyrolytic graphite (002)


2.52 Å

flux at sample/n cm-2s-1

7.9 x 106


Germanium (311)


1.28 Å

flux at sample/n cm-2s-1

0.4 x 106

max beam size

5 x 2 cm2


3He multidetector containing 1280 cells

angular range 2θ


radius of curvature

1.500 m

detector efficiency

86 % at λ = 2.52 Å

max diameter / mm available around the sample


Dedicated Sample environment


1.5-300 K


300-1200 K

Eulerian cradle

RT texture experiments

Sample change

RT experiments

Instrument Description

D1B is a two-axis spectrometer dedicated to powder diffraction experiments requesting a high neutron flux. A great number of experiments performed on D1B concern the determination of magnetic structures. At small angles where magnetic peaks are expected, a high spatial resolution can be achieved, the FWHM reaches 0.25° at 1.28Å and 0.3° at 2.52Å (for a sample of 5 mm in diameter).

Seven pyrolytic graphite monochromator crystals focusing onto the sample position provide a flux of 7.9·106 n cm-2s-1. A second wavelength with = 1.28 Å is available by using a germanium monochromator. D1B is equipped with 3He/CF4 position sensitive detector composed of a system of multi electrodes with 1280 wires covering a 2θ range of 128°.
Its specially designed cryostat is known for its low background crucial for some experiments with small intensity changes. A dedicated vanadium furnace achieving up to 1200K is also available. Other environments from ILL pool can be also installed; diffraction peaks arising from those environments are stopped by a Radial Oscillating collimators (ROC).

Because of its high flux at = 2.52 Å together with the large multi-detector, surface studies such as adsorbed phases as well as real-time diffraction experiments are possible. Collecting a diffraction pattern with sufficient statistics in minutes (1-5 min) even seconds allows in situ studies of reaction kinetics. A fast detection of phase transitions can also be obtained by scanning the temperature. A complete thermal variation of the diffraction patterns (1.5 - 300 K) can be achieved in few hours (3-5h).

The texture of polycrystalline samples can also be investigated using the Eulerian cradle available on D1B. Scanning 2 or 3 positions allows the complete determination of the pole figures in typically one day of beam time.

D1B is controlled by a Linux workstation on which data reduction and treatment programs are also available. The raw data are on-line corrected for efficiencies of the detector cells. In addition another Linux workstation for remote control of the instrument and several PCs running under Microsoft Windows with a direct internet connection are also installed in the cabin of D1B. More sophisticated programs with graphical user interface for data visualization (2-dim and 3-dim. plot displays, LAMP Large Array Manipulation Program) and analysis (Rietveld and integrated intensities) are at user´s disposal.
Resolution curve of D1B

Resolution curve of D1B